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Ginseng has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries.

This slow-growing, short plant with fleshy roots can be classified three ways, depending on how long it is grown: fresh, white or red.

Fresh ginseng is harvested before 4 years, while white ginseng is harvested between 4–6 years và red ginseng is harvested after 6 or more years.

There are many types of this herb, but the most popular are American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) and Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng).

American & Asian ginseng vary in their concentration of active sầu compounds and effects on the toàn thân. It is believed that American ginseng works as a relaxing agent, whereas the Asian variety has an invigorating effect (1, 2).

Ginseng contains two significant compounds: ginsenosides & gintonin. These compounds complement one another khổng lồ provide health benefits (3).

Here are 7 evidence-based health benefits of ginseng.


1. Potent Antioxidant That May Reduce Inflammation

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Ginseng has beneficial antioxidant và anti-inflammatory properties (4).

Some test-tube studies have sầu shown that ginseng extracts và ginsenoside compounds could inhibit inflammation & increase antioxidant capathành phố in cells (5, 6).

For example, one test-tube study found that Korean red ginseng extract reduced inflammation và improved antioxidant activity is skin cells from people with eczema (7).

The results are promising in humans, as well.

One study investigated the effects of having 18 young male athletes take 2 grams of Korean red ginseng extract three times per day for seven days.

The men then had levels of certain inflammatory markers tested after performing an exercise demo. These levels were significantly lower than in the placebo group, lasting for up to lớn 72 hours after testing (8).

However, it should be noted that the placebo group got a different medicinal herb, so these results should be taken with a grain of salt and more studies are needed.

Lastly, a larger study followed 71 postmenopausal women who took 3 grams of red ginseng or a placebo daily for 12 weeks. Antioxidant activity & oxidative stress markers were then measured.

Researchers concluded that red ginseng may help reduce oxidative bức xúc by increasing antioxidant enzyme activities (9).

Summary Ginseng has been shown to lớn help reduce inflammatory markers and help protect against oxidative sầu căng thẳng.


Ginseng could help improve sầu brain functions lượt thích memory, behavior and mood (10, 11).

Some test-tube và animal studies show that components in ginseng, lượt thích ginsenosides and compound K, could protect the brain against damage caused by không tính phí radicals (12, 13, 14).

One study followed 30 healthy people who consumed 200 mg of Panax ginseng daily for four weeks. At the end of the study, they showed improvement in mental health, social functioning & mood.

However, these benefits stopped being significant after 8 weeks, suggesting that ginseng effects might decrease with extended use (15).

Another study examined how single doses of either 200 or 400 mg of Panax ginseng affected mental performance, mental fatigue & blood sugar levels in 30 healthy adults before và after a 10-minute mental demo.

The 200-mg dose, as opposed lớn the 400-mg dose, was more effective at improving mental performance & fatigue during the chạy thử (16).

It is possible that ginseng assisted the uptake of blood sugar by cells, which could have sầu enhanced performance & reduced mental fatigue. Yet it is not clear why the lower dose was more effective than the higher one.

A third study found that taking 400 mg of Panax ginseng daily for eight days improved calmness and math skills (17).

What’s more, other studies found positive sầu effects on brain function & behavior in people with Alzheimer’s disease (18, 19, 20).

Summary Ginseng has been shown to benefit mental functions, feelings of calmness & mood in both healthy people và those with Alzheimer’s disease.


Research has shown that ginseng may be a useful alternative for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) in men (21, 22).

It seems that compounds in it may protect against oxidative sầu bức xúc in blood vessels và tissues in the penis & help restore normal function (23, 24).

Additionally, studies have sầu shown that ginseng may promote the production of nitric oxide, a compound that improves muscle relaxation in the penis and increases blood circulation (24, 25).

One study found that men treated with Korean red ginseng had a 60% improvement in ED symptoms, compared to 30% improvement produced by a medication used lớn treat ED (26).

Moreover, another study showed that 86 men with ED had significant improvements in erectile function & overall satisfaction after taking 1,000 mg of aged ginseng extract for 8 weeks (27).

However, more studies are needed khổng lồ draw definite conclusions about the effects of ginseng on ED (24).

Summary Ginseng may improve sầu symptoms of erectile dysfunction by decreasing oxidative sầu ức chế in tissues & enhancing blood flow in penile muscles.


Ginseng may strengthen the immune system.

Some studies exploring its effects on the immune system have sầu focused on cancer patients undergoing surgery or chemotherapy treatment.

One study followed 39 people who were recovering from surgery for stomach cancer, treating them with 5,400 mg of ginseng daily for two years.

Interestingly, these people had significant improvements in immune functions và a lower recurrence of symptoms (28).

Another study examined the effect of red ginseng extract on immune system markers in people with advanced stomach cancer undergoing post-surgery chemotherapy.

After three months, those taking red ginseng extract had better immune system markers than those in the control or placebo group (29).

Furthermore, a study suggested that people who take ginseng could have sầu up to lớn a 35% higher chance of living disease-không tính tiền for five sầu years after curative sầu surgery and up khổng lồ a 38% higher survival rate compared to lớn those not taking it (30).

It seems that ginseng extract could enhance the effect of vaccinations against diseases lượt thích influenza, as well (31).

Even though these studies show improvements in immune system markers in people with cancer, more research is needed khổng lồ demonstrate the efficacy of ginseng in boosting resistance khổng lồ infections in healthy people (32).

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Summary Ginseng may strengthen the immune system in people with cancer & even enhance the effects of certain vaccinations.


Ginseng may be helpful in reducing the risk of certain cancers (33).

Ginsenosides in this herb have sầu been shown lớn help reduce inflammation và provide antioxidant protection (34, 35).

The cell cycle is the process by which cells normally grow and divide. Ginsenosides could benefit this cycle by preventing abnormal cell production & growth (34, 35).

A reviews of several studies concluded that people who take ginseng may have a a 16% lower risk of developing cancer (35).

Moreover, an observational study suggested that people taking ginseng could be less likely to develop certain types of cancer, such as lip, mouth, esophagus, stomach, colon, liver and lung cancer, than those who vị not take it (36).

Ginseng may also help improve the health of patients undergoing chemotherapy, reduce side effects và enhance the effect of some treatment drugs (34).

While studies on the role of ginseng in cancer prevention show some benefits, they remain inconclusive (37).

Summary Ginsenosides in ginseng seem lớn regulate inflammation, provide antioxidant protection and maintain the health of cells, which could help decrease the risk of certain kinds of cancer. Nevertheless, more retìm kiếm is needed.


Ginseng has been shown lớn help fight fatigue và promote energy.

Various animal studies have linked some components in ginseng, lượt thích polysaccharides & oligopeptides, with lower oxidative găng & higher energy production in cells, which could help fight fatigue (38, 39, 40).

One four-week study explored the effects of giving 1 or 2 grams of Panax ginseng or a placebo to 90 people with chronic fatigue.

Those given Panax ginseng experienced less physical và mental fatigue, as well as reductions in oxidative găng, than those taking the placebo (41).

Another study gave 364 cancer survivors experiencing fatigue 2,000 mg of American ginseng or a placebo. After eight weeks, those in the ginseng group had significantly lower fatigue levels than those in the placebo group (42).

Furthermore, a reviews of over 155 studies suggested that ginseng supplements may not only help reduce fatigue but also enhance physical activity (43).

Summary Ginseng may help fight fatigue and enhance physical activity by lowering oxidative sầu damage & increasing energy production in cells.


Ginseng seems to lớn be beneficial in the control of blood glucose in people both with và without diabetes (44, 45).

American & Asian ginseng have been shown to improve sầu pancreatic cell function, boost insulin production và enhance the uptake of blood sugar in tissues (44).

Moreover, studies show that ginseng extracts help by providing antioxidant protection that reduce free radicals in the cells of those with diabetes (44).

One study assessed the effects of 6 grams of Korean red ginseng, along with the usual anti-diabetic medication or diet, in 19 people with type 2 diabetes.

Interestingly, they were able lớn maintain good blood sugar control throughout the 12-week study. They also had an 11% decrease in blood sugar levels, a 38% decrease in fasting insulin & a 33% increase in insulin sensitivity (46).

Another study showed that American ginseng helped improve blood sugar levels in 10 healthy people after they performed a sugary drink thử nghiệm (47).

It seems that fermented red ginseng could be even more effective at blood sugar control. Fermented ginseng is produced with the help of live bacteria that transform the ginsenosides into a more easily absorbed and potent size (48).

In fact, a study demonstrated that taking 2.7 grams of fermented red ginseng daily was effective at lowering blood sugar and increasing insulin levels after a thử nghiệm meal, compared to lớn a placebo (49).

Summary Ginseng, particularly fermented red ginseng, may help increase insulin production, enhance blood sugar uptake in cells & provide antioxidant protection.


Ginseng root can be consumed in many ways. It can be eaten raw or you can lightly steam it to soften it.

It can also be stewed in water to lớn make a tea. To bởi vì this, just add hot water khổng lồ freshly sliced ginseng & let it steep for several minutes.

Ginseng can be added to various recipes lượt thích soups & stir-frys, too. And the extract can be found in powder, tablet, capsule and oil forms.

How much you should take depends on the condition you want to improve sầu. Overall, daily doses of 1–2 grams of raw ginseng root or 200–400 mg of extract are suggested. It’s best lớn start with lower doses và increase over time.

Look for a standard ginseng extract that contains 2–3% total ginsenosides, và consume it before meals to increase absorption and get the full benefits.

Summary Ginseng can be eaten raw, made inkhổng lồ tea or added khổng lồ various dishes. It can also be consumed as a powder, capsule or oil.


According to lớn retìm kiếm, ginseng appears lớn be safe và should not produce any serious adverse effects.

However, people taking diabetes medications should monitor their blood sugar levels closely when using ginseng to lớn ensure these levels vì not go too low.

Additionally, ginseng may reduce the effectiveness of anticoagulant drugs.

For these reasons, talk lớn your doctor before supplementing with it.

cảnh báo that due to lớn the laông xã of safety studies, ginseng is not recommended for children or women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Lastly, there is evidence suggesting that the extended use of ginseng could decrease its effectiveness in the toàn thân.

To maximize its benefits, you should take ginseng in 2–3-week cycles with a one or two week break in between (14).

Summary While ginseng appears to lớn be safe, people taking certain medications should pay attention to possible drug interactions.


Ginseng is an herbal supplement that has been used for centuries in Chinese medicine.

It is commonly touted for its antioxidant & anti-inflammatory effects. It could also help regulate blood sugar levels and have sầu benefits for some cancers.

What’s more, ginseng may strengthen the immune system, enhance brain function, fight fatigue and improve sầu symptoms of erectile dysfunction.

Ginseng can be consumed raw or lightly steamed. It can also easily be added to your diet via its extract, capsule or powder size.

Whether you want lớn improve sầu a certain condition or simply give your health a boost, ginseng is definitely worth a try.